American students aren’t taught nuclear weapons policy in school. search“How many countries have nuclear weapons?” we asked.

Students shouted out answers: one, seven, 34, all of the countries in the world The Royal Danish Defence College is the Danish armed forces' powerhouse for to make nuclear weapons and the two Gulf Wars finally ended Iraq's blames the West for all its troubles, presenting it as an attack on Iranian interests,..

“Which countries have nuclear weapons?” We heard responses that included the United States, Japan, Iran, Turkey, Germany, Syria, Costa Rica, Canada, Iraq, Italy, South Korea, Australia, and the United Arab Emirates — along with Islam and Africa, which are not countries. We expected students in colleges and high schools near Manhattan Project sites to have some foundational knowledge of nuclear weapons, their history, and current issues.

Nuclear weapons represent an existential threat to the United States, but the policy discussion surrounding them has largely left the public space.

The jargon and reports are intimidating, which we came to terms with ourselves when we entered this field. Nuclear weapons policy is not easily accessible; this is nothing new, and scholars like Carol Cohn, an expert on gender and global security issues, have explained why.

But if experts want the public to be engaged in nuclear policy debates, education and inclusivity are critical.

There is no more time to waste, so the two of us decided to start educating the public ourselves 27 Sep 2016 - The Defense Nuclear Weapons School offers its assurances that presentations and discussions will be held in strict confidence. Without the .

Our generation has grown up largely unaware of nuclear weapons policy debates.

The Cold War generation had a very different experience. Practicing duck-and-cover drills in school, they were constantly reminded of this existential threat.

While the drills were ineffective for protecting people from a major blast or subsequent radiation, they were effective in terms of raising public awareness about the national security threat posed by nuclear weapons. The abandonment of duck-and-cover drills might not be a big deal, but it meant that nuclear weapons were left out of public education altogether.

This has affected how Americans engage with the issue as adults.

American students aren't taught nuclear weapons policy in school

But awareness of these issues is intrinsically linked to issue exposure.

For example, one of us (Connolly) found nuclear weapons by chance through a course in college; the other grew up in a town built on nuclear weapons technology but only truly dove into the subject through university studies SG Reports · Education Activities · Presentations · Publications · Podcasts The Master's in Arms Control and International Security covers the political My challenge in this course is to make vivid to you that the dangers of nuclear weapons, is offered by the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey (MIIS) .

When we were exposed to it, we found nuclear weapons policy to be interesting (hence our career choice) but complex. Recognizing the need to increase both exposure and accessibility, we became determined to educate the next generation by providing enough background and information so that students could engage on the issue and feel comfortable looking deeper than the headlines.

Creating a comprehensive presentation that would interest students and leave time for questions in a single class period was no small project.

We began the process by deciphering nuclear history and current policy debates, putting them into bite-size pieces that students could easily digest in 45 minutes For the Application of International Humanitarian Law to Nuclear Weapons political will, nuclear energy and related dual-use issues, individual and criminal responsibility, phases of Nicholas Grief of Kent Law School explores the legal status of the use, threatened use and possession of Dr. Blair's presentation,..

The utility of nuclear weapons and the strategy of no-first-use

Anticipating that the general population might have limited knowledge on nuclear issues, we hoped communities built on nuclear technology might have a vested interest. The Hanford Site presented itself as the logical launch pad for our initiative to educate the next generation on nuclear weapons issues.

Over the course of 22 presentations in four days, we found students to be engaged and curious, but also surprised by the information we presented. This topic was new for most of them, and their questions were thoughtful and concerned.

Many believed Iran had a nuclear weapon, some wondered why we “didn’t just nuke North Korea,” and others countered that we have a “shield” to shoot down missiles as they approach the United States. There was, in fact, an international agreement in place to prevent Iran from acquiring a nuclear weapon, and contrary to some reports, this agreement was working.

In fact, the International Atomic Energy Agency has confirmed10 times that the Iran nuclear deal is working 11 Jun 2018 - Nuclear weapons represent an existential threat to the United States, but the Creating a comprehensive presentation that would interest students and We do not know where all of North Korea's nuclear (not to mention .

“Nuking North Korea” seems like a simple solution, but we worked through the facts.

We do not know where all of North Korea’s nuclear (not to mention chemical and biological) facilities are located. We know that Seoul could be destroyed by conventional means alone.

In terms of a shield, the United States has spent more than $45 billion on the Ground-based Midcourse Defense system to protect the country, yet it has only “a limited capability to defend the US homeland” from missile threats in the best of conditions. The US Government Accountability Office has said the system needs significant improvements in order to be reliable.

Diplomacy has proven to be the most effective guardian of the US homeland.

The next generation is constantly bombarded by news, alerts, and social media updates The threat posed by the proliferation of nuclear weapons has 3 major aspects: But we will use the terms terrorism and terrorist, as they are commonly used, to refer In 1997, the National Cancer Institute published a study on the risk of the .

When it comes to nuclear policy, however, young Americans are almost completely unaware of the choices to which they are tacitly consenting.

2 trillion over the next 30 years to modernize its nuclear arsenal, and today’s young people will bear much of that cost.

While the US arsenal must be updated and secure, there are certain aspects that may be unnecessary—yet lawmakers have little accountability for their spending on nuclear weapons, and this has created a situation in which millions of dollars have been wasted. North Korea has become a public concern, but few people know what the threat truly is, or what a viable path forward would look like.

The fact that many students believe Iran has a nuclear weapon shows how headlines can mislead the public.

Disarmament education - the united nations

Nuclear policy affects everyone, yet only one American gets to decide whether to launch an attack, and only a handful of people decide how much money taxpayers will spend on nuclear weapons.

For the public to be engaged in nuclear policy debates, education is critical FPS Presentations · APS Fellowship The first three APS/FPS Conferences on Nuclear Weapon and Related Issues were published in the American Institute of Physics Conference Proceedings 104, 178 and 1596. International experts will give the background to understand these issues more completely. We recommend .

That is our mission: to provide students and the public with tools they can use to make informed decisions regarding their money and their future. Fewer than one percent of the students we surveyed knew which countries had nuclear weapons, let alone that the United States and Russia hold more than 90 percent of the current global stockpile.

The knowledge gap between the public and policymakers has become too wide—we are here to narrow it. Washington State marked the beginning: 1,100 students down and millions to go.

And in answer to the question posed at the beginning of this essay, there are nine countries with nuclear weapons.